The Indian government plans to provide 5G services by the end of 2021. The Indian government has taken multiple steps to enable the commercial launch of 5G services in the country. This includes allocating the 5G spectrum, allowing participation of foreign players in the experimental tests, and recently allowing Chinese telecom companies to participate in the 5G trials. The government plans to open a National Digital Communications Policy for the nationwide launch of 5G services. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has expressed his hope that India would be among the first countries in the world to provide 5G services.
The Benefits of 5G Technology for India’s Economy and Society
5G technology has the potential to revolutionize the Indian economy and society. The high speeds and low latency of 5G mean that it can be used to power applications such as augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), autonomous vehicles, and industrial automation, to name just a few. Its massive capacity also allows for much denser use of mobile networks than ever, enabling greater connectivity and data access.
Implementing 5G in India could increase business productivity and efficiency, improve online services access and availability, and boost the digital content industry. In addition, 5G could make it faster and easier to access online banking, healthcare, and education services and provide better access to the Internet of Things (IoT) and connected devices.
The increased speed and lower latency of 5G make it a great platform for e-governance services, such as smart cities and citizen-centric services like smart water, smart electricity, and smart public transportation. This can help drastically reduce the strain on urban infrastructure and allow for a more efficient and equitable distribution of resources. In rural areas, 5G could improve access to healthcare, banking services, and communications and offer faster access to rural areas.
The current state of 5G infrastructure in India
The roll-out of 5G infrastructure in India is still in its introductory phase. Telecom providers such as Reliance Jio, Airtel, and Vodafone Idea are working through trials to deploy 5G services in several cities. Currently, 5G services are only available in select areas and are limited to a few trial users.
To support the development and deployment of 5G technology in India, the government issued new spectrum bands for 5G technology, and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology announced a special grant for telecom manufacturers to produce 5G-ready equipment.
The Indian government also plans to set up a 5G testbed in partnership with telecom experts to explore the potential of 5G technology and its applications. The Indian telecom sector is preparing to roll out 5G services to customers shortly.
India’s 5G Roadmap and Timeline India plans to start the auction process of the 5G spectrum by the end of 2020. The estimated date for the rollout of commercial 5G services in India is around 2021-2022. Some of the major government initiatives and steps taken by the government to foster the 5G revolution are as follows:
- The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) released the National Digital Communications Policy (NDCP) 2018, laying down the targets for the rollout of 5G services in India.
- The Government has also set up a high-level 5G India Forum(5GIF) in collaboration with industry stakeholders to prepare a roadmap for the 5G rollout in India.
- DoT has set up a panel to identify the potential 5G use cases in various sectors and the spectrum requirements for those use cases.
- DoT has approved the draft policy to allow the trial of 5G services in India.
- DoT is also working on the rollout of 5G technology and associated network infrastructure
Impact of 5G on various industries in India
5G technology can revolutionize how people communicate, send data, and access the internet. As this unprecedented wireless technology becomes more widely available in India, it can create disruptive and far-reaching impacts in various industries and sectors.
5G is expected to improve the speed and reliability of the internet, supporting high bandwidth applications, such as streaming and virtual reality. This will help improve India’s infrastructure and digital economy, opening up new business opportunities, particularly in e-commerce. 5G could also reduce the cost of communication and data transfer services, offering faster speeds and lower latency for online services.
The manufacturing sector is expected to be largely impacted by 5G technology, as it offers several benefits, including improved communication between machines, enhanced data processing and analysis, and eliminating communication errors. This will enable better collaboration, optimize operations, and enhance efficiency for manufacturers.